Welcome to Kharkov
Kharkiv is one of the largest cities
of Ukraine and the centre of the
Kharkiv Region. The city is 24km from
the North to the South, and 25km
from the East to the West. Kharkiv
has over 2,500 avenues, streets, lanes
and squares. The largest square of the
city is Svobody (Liberty) Square. The
longest street is Moskovsky (Moscow)
Avenue which is over 20km long.
Kharkiv is situated in the North-
Eastern part of Ukraine on the border
of two landscape zones — the
forest-steppe and the steppe, at the
site of the three rivers’ confluence:
the Lopan, the Udy and the Kharkiv.
The site of the city is a hilly plain —
more than half of the total area of the
city is situated on the plots of about
100m above the sea level. Kharkiv’s
rivers and their tributaries are shallow
and not navigable.
Kharkiv is a major industrial
centre of Ukraine. Its industrial potential
is formed by high-technology
industries: power-plant engineering,
electrical engineering industry, transport
and farm machinery building,
instrument engineering, electronic
engineering, aerospace engineering.
The products manufactured at
Kharkiv enterprises, including such
high technology products as modern
tanks, aircrafts, turbines, are known
on the world market.
Kharkiv is the second major
and educational centre of
Ukraine. An average annual number
of university graduates is over 33,000
specialists, which provides for a high
level of skillful labour resources in the
city. It is here, in Kharkiv, that an atom
was split for the first time in Europe;
the nature of superconductivity studied;
the largest radio telescope created;
the basics of the theory of vibrations
in plasma and the theory of slow neutrons
dispersion in crystals developed.
The research by L. Landau, N. Barabashov,
A. Valter, A. Palladin are acknowledged
throughout the world.
Kharkiv is rich in cultural traditions.
It is a city of 6 theatres: the
Mykola Lysenko Academic Opera and
Ballet Theatre, the Taras Shevchenko
Ukrainian Academic Drama Theatre,
The Alexander Pushkin Russian Academic
Drama Theatre, Theatre of Musical
Comedy, Theatre for Children
and Youth, Puppet Theatre. Numerous
other theatre companies, studios, amateur
theatres also perform in the city.
Kharkiv Philharmonic Society is one
of the major organisers of concerts,
which does a great job in promoting
musical art. The circus, zoo and numerous
museums enjoy great popularity
with the citizens of the city.