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It was in the middle of the 17th century that Kharkiv fortress was erected on a hill at the confluence of the Kharkiv and the Lopan Rivers, on the site of an Old Slavic ancient settlement. It became one of the numerous fortresses erected to protect the southern borders of the Moscow state (Moscovia) from nomads.

As the years passed by, the Cossack mud huts were replaced by palaces, fortifications were razed to the ground and, having extended its boundaries, the city turned into a modern metropolis. But even today, the historic centre of the city preserves some interesting features of Kharkiv’s architectural ‘biography’, and it is here that the majority of the city sightseeing tours start.

The most interesting sights in this part of the city include: the group of buildings at the Holy Shroud Monastery, the Annunciation and Assumption Cathedrals, the Terraced Park, a complex of buildings of Kharkiv Imperial University, architectural ensembles of Rosa Luxembourg and Maidan Konstytutsii (Constitution Square), Kharkiv Historical Museum and the building of the Academy of Arts.